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Q: Bad Purge Valve?

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My check engine light is on and originally the code was p1101 so I changed the mass airflow sensor. Now the codes coming up are p0171 and p0496. My main concern is that when I get gas and fill my tank up my engine won't start. It takes a couple of tries to start and I have to let it sit for 5-10 minutes. My car also roughly idles when I slow down.

My car has 45000 miles.
My car has an automatic transmission.

A: Hey there. All modern cars are equipped wit...

Hey there. All modern cars are equipped with an Evaporative Emission Control (EVAP) system. The EVAP system prevents fuel vapors from the fuel tank from escaping into the atmosphere. The EVAP system collects and temporarily stores the fuel vapors in the charcoal canister. The charcoal canister is filled with activated carbon pellets that can absorb the fuel vapors. When the engine is running, the fuel vapors are purged from the canister and burned in the engine. The vent control valve (solenoid) controls the flow of outside air in and out of the charcoal canister. One side of the vent valve is connected to the charcoal canister. The other side is connected to the vent hose that has a filter or screen at the end and is attached to the car body or frame.

In some cars, the vent valve is attached to the canister. In others, it’s installed separately near the canister. The vent valve is controlled by the engine computer (PCM). Normally the vent valve is open. It closes when the engine computer tests the EVAP system for leaks. If a leak in the EVAP system is detected, the Check Engine light will illuminate on the dash and the trouble code related to the problem will be stored in the engine computer. I would recommend having a professional from YourMechanic come to your home to take a look at your car to properly diagnose and replace your solenoid.

If you have an air leak on the EVAP system then the MAP sensor will not be able to determine the air density, and the MAF sensor will not be able to determine the volume of air, entering the engine correctly. This will lead to an over fueling situation or an under fueling situation depending on the size of the air leak and engine operating speeds and load. This may eventually lead to destroying the catalytic converter as well. To get a precise diagnosis for this, have a certified professional, like one from YourMechanic, inspect the loss of power that the vehicle is experiencing.

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