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P0053 is a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) for "HO2S Heater Resistance (Bank 1 Sensor 1)". This can happen for multiple reasons and a mechanic needs to diagnose the specific cause for this code to be triggered in your situation. Our certified mobile mechanics can come to your home or office to perform the Check Engine Light diagnostic. Once we are able to diagnose the problem, you will be provided with an upfront quote for the recommended fix and receive $20.00 off as a credit towards the repair. All our repairs are backed by our 12-month / 12,000-mile warranty.
HO2S Heater Resistance (Bank 1 Sensor 1)
This code means the Heated Oxygen Sensor (HO2S) Resistance is out of range on engine bank 1 (side of engine with cylinder #1) and the sensor upstream or in front of the catalytic converter.
Possible symptoms from the O2 sensor heater failure include the O2 sensor not giving the proper reading as fast as it should, in which case the ECU would go into failsafe mode until the system is repaired. The Check Engine Light would then come on once the ECU detects the O2 sensor problem. The failsafe mode will cause different drive complaints, depending on the manufacturer programming.
Normally the Engine Warning Light comes on the dash to indicate a problem. The mechanic diagnoses the problem using an OBD-II scanner to determine the trouble code. The mechanic can then start by checking the resistance across the wires of the HO2S, which should be about 8 ohms with a range of 7-9 ohms. If the resistance is outside of the acceptable range, then the sensor is bad and must be replaced. If the resistance is within the acceptable range, then the problem may be in the wiring, which must be carefully checked for the sensor being disconnected, a bad connector, or bad wiring caused by the proximity of the exhaust system.
Do not immediately assume the HO2S is bad and replace it. You must follow the test procedure to ensure that the wiring and other components are in good condition. Most of these problems are related to wiring touching the exhaust system.
This code has several causes, but the vehicle may operate normally. This code tends to confuse the ECU, which can default to operating okay, but it may cause excessive fuel consumption and poor performance. It is important that the vehicle is properly diagnosed at the first opportunity.
Often times, if the Engine Warning Light comes on immediately at start up, the OBD- II system can be reset and the vehicle will operate normally.
Have a certified technician verify the code with a scanner, reset the fault codes, and perform a road test. If the P0053 code returns, then follow the test procedure.
Using the OBD-II scanner, reset the code and test the vehicle again to see if the Engine Warning Light comes back on, and the code returns after the engine is at operating temperature. If it comes back, then check the resistance on the wiring of HO2S to ensure that it is about 8 ohms, plus or minus 10%. If it is normal, then check the wiring, including the connector to the sensor, and on up to the main wiring loom to ensure that the wires are not broken, frayed, damaged or melted to the exhaust system. Repair wiring and connectors with correct parts and wiring type to ensure original operation.
This sensor and wiring are especially susceptible to damage as they are close to the body; it is imperative that the wiring be secured away from the exhaust as much as possible. Removing these sensors is usually difficult as they are very tight, and often the threads are damaged when removed, which requires that the bung on the exhaust be re-tapped or replaced. If the sensor threads are damaged, it is best to replace the sensor.
These sensors are very important to the operation of the vehicle to ensure smooth and economical function. It becomes all too easy to make a repair in haste, only to find you now have more problems; expensive problems.
Many vehicles with mileage over 100,000 have momentary sensor problems that usually occur during start up, or prolonged stress situations on the drive train. If the Engine Warning Light comes on and the vehicle seems to be operating normally, the OBD-II system can be reset by using the scanner, and the problem may not reoccur. This is why it is important to verify the fault firstly, and reset it before doing any repairs.
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