B1996 OBD-II Trouble Code: Passenger Side Side-Mount Air Bag Circuit Short to Vbatt

Our certified mechanics come to you · Get a fair and transparent estimate upfront

Red-stars EXCELLENT RATING ON

Cost of diagnosing the B1996 code

B1996 is a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) for "Passenger Side Side-Mount Air Bag Circuit Short to Vbatt". This can happen for multiple reasons and a mechanic needs to diagnose the specific cause for this code to be triggered in your situation. Our certified mobile mechanics can come to your home or office to perform the Check Engine Light diagnostic for $114.99 . Once we are able to diagnose the problem, you will be provided with an upfront quote for the recommended fix and receive $20.0 off as a credit towards the repair. All our repairs are backed by our 12-month / 12,000-mile warranty.

Cars Estimate Credit towards follow-up repair Earliest Availability
Ford $114.99 $20.0
Toyota $114.99 $20.0
BMW $124.99 $20.0
SCHEDULE B1996 DIAGNOSTIC Get a fair and transparent estimate upfront

B1996 code definition

The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) stores a B1996 trouble code when a problem is detected with the passenger side side-mount air bag circuit. Codes stored in conjunction with this code include a B1992, B1993, B1994, B1995, B1997, B1998, and B1999 code.

What the B1996 code means

When the voltage from the passenger side side-mount air bag circuit is higher or lower than that specified by the manufacturer, a B1996 trouble code is stored by the PCM. In addition, the Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) warning light comes on.

What causes the B1996 code?

Most commonly, a B1996 trouble code is caused by loose or faulty wiring or connectors. Some additional causes include a fault with the ground wire, the air bag, or the battery.

What are the symptoms of the B1996 code?

The most common sign of a B1996 trouble code is an illuminated SRS warning light. If for some reason the SRS warning light is not operating properly, the PCM notifies the driver though a series of audible tones that sound while the vehicle is in operation.

How does a mechanic diagnose the B1996 code?

To diagnose a B1996 trouble code, a mechanic needs an advanced scanner, digital volt/ohm meter, and a passenger side side-mount air bag wiring harness schematic. In addition, the mechanic must complete the following steps:

  • Clear the code and test the system first to see if it returns.

  • If the code returns, download all freeze frame data, and then start the vehicle.

  • Test the wiring, connectors, and components in the passenger side side-mount air bag wiring harness for looseness or fault by shaking the wiring harness. The mechanic should use a passenger side side-mount air bag wiring harness schematic to help them with this process.

  • The mechanic should take the vehicle for a test drive to see if they can recreate the conditions that caused the code storage. While driving, they should make sure to turn the steering wheel from stop to stop.

  • The mechanic should also disconnect both battery cables before physically inspecting the air bag device. The mechanic should wait at least three minutes after disconnecting the battery to make sure the air bag is totally disarmed.

  • While disconnected, the mechanic should check both the battery, to see if it is still good, and the battery cable connectors, looking for corrosion or damage. They should also look for corrosion on the battery posts.

  • They should then reconnect the battery, with the ignition turned to the on position, reprogram the air bag control module if needed, and test the system again to see if the code returns.

  • If the B1996 trouble code returns, the mechanic should use a digital volt/ohm meter, set to an output of 10 mA or less, to test the reference voltage and ground signal between the passenger side side-mount air bag circuit and the PCM while using a wiring harness schematic.

  • If no reference voltage or ground signal is detected, the mechanic should disconnect the PCM and the related control modules and check the continuity of the passenger side side-mount air bag circuit with the battery ground.

  • They should also test the continuity of the air bag control module with the PCM.

  • Finally, they must clear the B1996 trouble code and retest the system to see if the code returns again.

Common mistakes when diagnosing the B1996 code

One common mistake made by mechanics diagnosing a B1996 trouble code is to assume the air bag mechanism is bad, when in actuality the problem is caused by bad wiring or even a loose connection. The mechanic must fully diagnose all wiring, connectors, and components before proceeding with their diagnosis to make sure the problem does not lie there. Failure to do so can lead to the problem remaining and further trouble code storage by the PCM.

How serious is the B1996 code?

When a B1996 trouble code is stored, the PCM also turns off the SRS system. This could lead to injury or death if an accident happens. That is why it is of utmost importance to get a B1996 trouble code diagnosed and fixed as soon as possible.

What repairs can fix the B1996 code?

To repair a B1996 trouble code, a mechanic must perform the following:

  • Replace any damaged or faulty wiring, connectors, or components in the passenger side side-mount air bag wiring harness. The mechanic should also test the wiring and connectors in the harness for looseness.

  • The next step is to install a new battery if necessary.

  • Then, clean or replace the battery cable connectors if corroded or damaged. In addition, if they are using the old battery, they should clean the posts if they are corroded.

  • Next, replace the passenger side side-mount air bag circuit if it is bad.

  • Replace the passenger side side-mount air bag if it is not working properly.

  • Replace the air bag control module if it is bad.

Additional comments for consideration regarding the B1996 code

Before physically inspecting the passenger side side-mount air bag, the mechanic must first disconnect both battery cables with the ignition on and wait three minutes before proceeding. This keeps the air bag from activating and potentially injuring the mechanic.

Need help with a B1996 code?

YourMechanic offers certified mobile mechanics who will come to your home or office to diagnose and repair your vehicle. Get a quote and book an appointment online or speak to a service advisor at 1-800-701-6230.

Check Engine Light
air bags
trouble codes
B1996

No more waiting rooms! Our mechanics will come to you to diagnose and fix the B1996 code.

SCHEDULE B1996 DIAGNOSTIC
Get a $20 credit for the follow-up repair

Recent Check Engine Light is on Inspection reviews

Excellent Rating

(7294)

Rating Summary
6779
246
57
39
173
6779
246
57
39
173
 at YourMechanic

Simon

30 years of experience
8 reviews
Simon
30 years of experience
Honda Element L4-2.4L - Check Engine Light is on Inspection - Albuquerque, New Mexico
Simon was Professional, knowledgeable and patient throughout the entire process. Would highly recommend!
 at YourMechanic

Luke

17 years of experience
134 reviews
Luke
17 years of experience
Chevrolet Equinox L4-2.4L - Check Engine Light is on - Austin, Texas
Luke was friendly and professional. He did a nice job of explaining the issue with my car so that I could understand it.
 at YourMechanic

Chuy

14 years of experience
386 reviews
Chuy
14 years of experience
Toyota Camry L4-2.5L - Check Engine Light is on - Chicago, Illinois
His explained everything very clearly on what I should do next with my car and what the cheapest solutions were.
 at YourMechanic

Jose

12 years of experience
31 reviews
Jose
12 years of experience
Chrysler Pacifica V6-3.8L - Check Engine Light is on - Redlands, California
Very friendly and punctual. Knows what he is talking about. Appreciate Jose working on my car. I would recommend him to customers.


More related articles

P2273 OBD-II Trouble Code: O2 Sensor Signal Stuck Rich Bank 2 Sensor 2
P2273 P2273 code definition The P2273 diagnostic trouble code is an indication that the Bank 2 Sensor 2 oxygen (O2) sensor signal is stuck on rich. Related Trouble Codes: P2270 OBD-II Trouble Code: O2 Sensor Signal Stuck Lean Bank 1...
P0646 OBD-II Trouble Code: A/C Clutch Relay Control Circuit Low
P0646 Code means The PCM has registered a fault in the A/C clutch relay control circuit due to a defective control relay or driver, or faulty wiring.
P2250 OBD-II Trouble Code: O2 Sensor Ref Voltage Circuit High Bank 2 Sensor 1
P2250 means an issue with the upstream oxygen sensor voltage circuit in bank 2 due to a faulty sensor, fuel pressure, or engine or exhaust leaks.

Related questions

Check engine, traction off lights are showing

The Check Engine Light is likely still on due to the oxygen sensor faults. The unfortunate thing is that engine computers sometimes cannot detect another problem if they are dealing with one already. That may be why it didn't have...

Car stopped after rough idle

This is a common symptom of a faulty idle air control module. This module regulates the control of air being mixed with fuel at idle. When this is faulty, it will cause an imbalanced amount of air and fuel to...

Car revs high

Air leaks into the intake system (a loose hose, or the EVAP valve as you have already experienced). If there are no codes, even transient codes which may not set the Check Engine Light, the problem could be a loose...

How can we help?

Our service team is available 7 days a week, Monday - Friday from 6 AM to 5 PM PST, Saturday - Sunday 7 AM - 4 PM PST.

1 (855) 347-2779 · hi@yourmechanic.com