Every driver should have some familiarity with auto parts. While not everyone will have the skills of an auto mechanic, it's helpful to know basic car parts and to understand their function. Having this understanding will help drivers if car trouble occurs. Some people prefer to perform their own automotive maintenance and repairs. While basic maintenance is often within the reach of consumers, other repairs will require the skills of a professional. When consumers seek auto repairs from mechanics, understanding basic automotive parts and their functions will help consumers avoid unnecessary repairs. Professional mechanics must train for automotive technician jobs to enter this industry. Technical colleges offer certification and degree programs to train and prepare mechanics for positions in automotive repair centers. The demand for skilled mechanics will surely continue due to the prevalence of automobiles.
Accelerator: The accelerator is the gas pedal. The driver presses the accelerator to move the vehicle either forward or backward.
Catalytic Converter: The catalytic converter is part of the car's emission control system. As a part of the exhaust system, the catalytic converter changes exhaust emissions into gases that won't cause as much harm to the environment. If a catalytic converter is not functioning correctly, a vehicle will not pass an emissions test.
Condenser: The condenser has fins and looks similar to a radiator. This part circulates air conditioner refrigerant, cooling it as it passes through the fins.
Four Wheel Drive: When a vehicle has four wheel drive, the engine powers all four wheels at the same time. This results in greater traction for the vehicle. Some vehicles utilize continuous four wheel driving, while others give the driver the option to use it.
Fuel Pump: The fuel pump is a part of the fuel supply system. The fuel pump's job is to force gas from the gas tank into the engine. If the fuel pump sends too much or too little gas, performance issues will result.
Keyless Entry System (PDF): This system enables drivers to access vehicles without a key. A key fob contains buttons that lock and unlock the vehicle. Inserting the key fob into the ignition will start the automobile. Some key fobs also start a vehicle remotely with the press of a button.
Thermostat: The thermostat sits between the radiator and engine. The purpose of the thermostat is to keep the coolant above a specific temperature. If the thermostat detects coolant below this temperature, it will prevent the coolant from entering the radiator until it reaches the minimum temperature.