Q: MAP sensor failure

asked by on May 08, 2017

What could cause a map sensor to fail multiple times in a short time

Hi There, As you may know, the MAP sensor uses engine vacuum to work properly and without that vacuum the sensor is reading barometric pressure or outside atmospheric pressure. When this happens, the result is typically a broken vacuum line or a cracked intake boot somewhere causing the drop in vacuum. The Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor senses engine load and generates a signal that is proportional to the amount of vacuum in the intake manifold. The engine computer then uses this information to adjust ignition timing and fuel enrichment. When the engine is working hard, intake vacuum drops as the throttle opens wide. The engine takes in more air, which requires more fuel to keep the air/fuel ratio in balance. When the computer reads a heavy load signal from the MAP sensor, it adjusts the fuel mixture to slightly more rich than normal so the engine can produce more power. The computer will then retard (back off) ignition timing slightly to prevent detonation that can damage the engine and decrease performance. This may also be caused by other closely related components such as a dirty or failing mass air-flow sensor, a faulty throttle position sensor or potentially a vacuum leak. I would recommend having an expert from YourMechanic come to your location to diagnose and inspect your vehicle.

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