P2302 trouble code code definition
P2302 is a general OBD2 diagnostic trouble code indicating a fault within the ignition coil A secondary circuit. This code may be seen with misfire codes as well as other ignition system codes.
What the P2302 code means
The P2302 code means that the ignition coil A secondary circuit has experienced a malfunction. The malfunction is detected by the vehicle's ECU when it tries to control the secondary ignition circuit. This causes a Check Engine Light to be illuminated on the dashboard and a failsafe mode to be enabled. Once the failsafe mode is enabled it will remain until the fault is resolved or normal operation is observed.
What causes the P2302 code?
- Spark plugs or plug wiring need replaced
- Failed ignition coil A
- ECU failure
- Short or open in the ignition coil harness
- Poor or loose electrical connection
What are the symptoms of the P2302 code?
- Check Engine Light seen on the dashboard
- Engine misfiring
- Lack of power or running roughly
- Reduced fuel milage
How does a mechanic diagnose the P2302 code?
A mechanic will begin by hooking up a scan tool to check for any codes stored in the ECU as well as any freeze frame data present. This will all be noted then the codes will be cleared for a fresh start.
The vehicle will be test driven in an attempt to duplicate the symptoms.
Once the code reappears, a visual inspection will be performed looking for damaged wiring and broken components.
Next the spark plug and plug wires will be inspected.
The signal to the ignition coil will be checked and then the ignition coil itself will be tested for excessive resistance.
Lastly the ECU will be tested.
Common mistakes when diagnosing the P2302 code
A common mistake is just replacing the spark plugs without doing any testing and expecting the fault to be resolved. In some cases replacing the spark plugs may fix the fault but definitely not in all cases.
All diagnostic steps must be performed in the proper order and in its entirety to diagnose the P2302 code effectively.
How serious is the P2302 code?
The P2302 code can cause misfires and other drivability concerns. If these symptoms are severe the vehicle should not be driven and must be repaired as soon as possible for normal vehicle operation.
What repairs can fix the P2302 code?
- Spark plug and wire replacement
- ECM replacement
- Ignition coil A replaced
- Electrical connection fixed
- Repair or replacement of the ignition coil harness
Additional comments for consideration regarding the P2302 code
The P2302 code can be extremely difficult to diagnose without the proper tools. One such tool is a professional grade scan tool. The professional scan tool allow access to the data stream for the vehicle which can tell technicians information that would otherwise be unavailable or difficult to obtain.
Need help with a P2302 code?
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