The Best Tool For Mechanics to Check for Intake Vacuum/Boost Pressure Leaks

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A leak anywhere removes efficiency of any closed-loop mechanical system. When these leaks occur inside the motor of today's modern cars, trucks, and SUVs, it can rob the engine of horsepower, fuel economy, and lead to mechanical component failure if not properly diagnosed and repaired soon. Most ASE certified mechanics utilize probes, complete leak down checks, and even listen to the engine with a stethoscope to try and find these leaks. However, arguably the best tool to use is a high pressure smoke machine.

What is a high pressure smoke machine?

A high pressure smoke machine is similar in many ways to an evaporative smoke machine. It is designed to find leaks that occur in multiple mechanical components that impact the operation of an engine including:

  • Intake leaks
  • Exhaust leaks
  • Turbo charger leaks
  • Charge air cooler leaks

The machines themselves use smoke, UV dye, and laser light technology to find the leaks. They are not designed to use to find evaporative emissions leaks. The machine works with shop air or nitrogen and runs on an air pressure range from 50 to 150 psi. It is powered by standard electrical outlets but can also attach to an AC power supply when the mechanic purchases the additional AC adapter.

How to properly use a high pressure smoke machine

Most ASE certified mechanics are taught to complete a "leak down" check, to find leaks inside the engine from valves, piston rings, or other compression system. The standard leak down gauge will charge an individual cylinder and the mechanic watches the gauge to determine if a leak exists. However, once this is completed, they have to complete due diligence to find the precise source of the leak; similar in many ways to completing a cold air intake leak inspection. This takes more time, costs more money and decreases shop efficiency.

However, a high pressure smoke machine removes most of the diagnostic and additional labor to find the leaks out of the question. Here is how to properly use this type of machine to determine if a leak exists and the precise source of the leak.

  • Connect the tester to the vehicle battery and external power supply
  • Connect the adapter to the air filter intake hose
  • Select the correct display mode to test for pressure in PSI, in BAR's or Flow L/M
  • The mechanic will then select a button on the tester to complete a 10 minute pressure test

As the system begins to charge and the pressure reaches a desired setting, the mechanic will observe the digital gauge for changes. If the numbers begin to drop, a leak is present in the system. If the numbers hold steady, there is no leak and the mechanic can proceed to a different component to check.

Once a leak is found, the mechanic attaches the smoke fitting to the pressure cap. This allows smoke to escape or to leave an ultraviolet trace at the source of the leak. By using the ultraviolet light or the laser light, the mechanic can easily detect what is leaking and make the appropriate repairs.

Finding an intake vacuum or boost pressure leak is much easier when you have the right tools to complete the diagnostic inspection and most certified mechanics depend on high pressure smoke machines to expedite this process.

If you're an existing ASE certified mechanic and you’re interested in working with YourMechanic to complete intake vacuum or boost pressure inspection jobs for customers in your area, submit an online application to work for YourMechanic for an opportunity to become a mobile mechanic.


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Pardeep

20 years of experience
648 reviews
Pardeep
20 years of experience
Subaru Outback - Brake Pads Replacement (Front, Rear) - San Jose, California
If I could give 6 stars out of 5 I would. Very friendly and accomodating. Please retain and take care of Pardeep.
Honda Odyssey - Brake Pads Replacement (Front, Rear) - San Jose, California
Great service. Timely, efficient, and friendly. Also gave good advice on services I actually needed.

Andrew

14 years of experience
236 reviews
Andrew
14 years of experience
Ford Escape - Brake Pads Replacement (Front) - Portland, Oregon
Andrew has come to fix my car on two occasions and both times he was on time for the appointment, professional , and extremely thorough in his examination of my car and diagnosis. He is honest and straightforward as to what my vehicle actually needs done immediately, and what I can hold off on for awhile. Money can be tight sometimes, so I do appreciate that. I highly recommend this mechanic!

Christopher

19 years of experience
152 reviews
Christopher
19 years of experience
Honda Pilot - Brake Pads Replacement (Rear) - Land O Lakes, Florida
Would book again. On time, knowledgeable and friendly. Will definitely have him on my next appointment.

Theodore

15 years of experience
1132 reviews
Theodore
15 years of experience
Subaru Outback - Brake Pads Replacement (Front, Rear) - Renton, Washington
We have had previous work done by Theodore. Really appreciate his thoroughness and professionalism!

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