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P2534 OBD-II Trouble Code: Ignition Switch Run/Start Position Circuit Low

Check Engine Light

P2534 code definition

A P2534 trouble code indicates that the PCM has detected a problem in the ignition switch run position circuit.

Codes related to a P2534 trouble code include: P2530, P2531, P2532, P2533, P2535, P2536, P2537, and P2538.

What the P2534 code means

A P2534 trouble code is stored when the input reference voltage from the ignition switch run position circuit falls below the manufacturer's recommended minimum voltage. The code storage also causes the Check Engine light to illuminate in most circumstances, though some vehicles require multiple failure cycles before the Check Engine light comes on.

What causes the P2534 code?

A common cause of a P2534 trouble code is a defective or misadjusted ignition switch. Other causes of a P2534 trouble code include:

  • Burned fuses or fusible links
  • A bad or defective battery or alternator
  • Open, shorted, or corroded wiring and/or connectors
  • Excessive corrosion on the battery cables

What are the symptoms of the P2534 code?

Symptoms of a P2534 trouble code include a no start or delayed start condition, in addition to the Check Engine light illuminating. A red charging system failure light might also occur with a P2534 trouble code.

How does a mechanic diagnose the P2534 code?

In order to properly diagnose a P2534 trouble code, the mechanic needs an advanced scanner, a manufacturer's wiring schematic for the vehicle in question, and a digital volt/ohmmeter. The mechanic should diagnose the problem by performing the following:

  • Using the wiring schematic, visually inspect all ignition switch wiring and connectors.

  • If the code returns after replacing any faulty wiring or connectors, check the battery voltage and grounding signals at the ignition switch using the digital volt/ohmmeter.

  • If either the battery voltage circuits or ignition switch ground circuits are open, check for circuit continuity using the digital volt/ohmmeter. Make sure to disconnect any control modules from the circuit to avoid damage while testing.

  • Check both fuses and fusible links to make sure one or the other is not blown.

  • After making repairs, the mechanic should retest the system to see if the code returns.

Common mistakes when diagnosing the P2534 code

A common mistake made in conjunction with a P2534 trouble code is for the mechanic to replace the battery when the fault actually lies with the alternator or ignition switch.

How serious is the P2534 code?

A P2534 trouble code can ultimately lead to a no start condition with the engine if left unrepaired. At best, it may lead to intermittent starting problems with the vehicle. Vehicle owners should get a P2534 trouble code diagnosed as it could indicate more serious problems with components such as the battery, alternator, and related wiring, connectors, and cables.

What repairs can fix the P2534 code?

When repairing and clearing a P2534 trouble code, a mechanic should do the following:

  • Replace or repair any damaged, shorted, or corroded wiring, connectors and other components.

  • The mechanic should also make sure that all connectors are securely connected before moving on to other areas.

  • Mechanics should also replace the battery or alternator, or possibly both, if the problem lies there.

  • In addition to the battery, the mechanic should clean all corrosion off of the battery connectors and cables, replacing any cables if the corrosion is too bad.

  • Upon checking the fuses and fusible links, the mechanic should replace any fuses that are blown.

Additional comments for consideration regarding the P2534 code

If the problem persists after making the necessary repairs, connect the advanced scanner to the diagnostic connector to download all stored trouble codes and other related data. This can help the mechanic diagnose an intermittent condition. If the code fails to immediately return upon clearing, more than likely you have an intermittent condition. Keep in mind that you might need to let an intermittent condition worsen before the mechanic can make a correct diagnosis.

Need help with a P2534 code?

YourMechanic offers certified mobile mechanics who will come to your home or office to diagnose and repair your vehicle. Get a quote and book an appointment online or speak to a service advisor at 1-800-701-6230.

The statements expressed above are only for informational purposes and should be independently verified. Please see our terms of service for more details
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