How to Start a Diesel Truck | YourMechanic Advice

How to Start a Diesel Truck

Starting a diesel engine is a lot different than starting a gas-powered engine. Whereas a gas engine starts when the fuel is ignited by the spark plug, diesel engines rely on the heat created by compression in the chamber. Sometimes, such as during cold weather, the diesel fuel needs the aid of an outside source of heat to reach the appropriate temperature to start. When starting a diesel engine, you have three basic ways of doing so: using an intake heater, using the glow plugs, or using the block heater.

Method 1 of 3: Using an intake heater

One way to start a diesel engine is using air intake heaters, which sit within the intake manifold and heat the air as it is drawn into the engine cylinders. Receiving its power directly from the vehicle's battery, an intake heater is a great way to get the air temperature in the combustion chamber where it needs to be quickly, allowing you to start the diesel engine when you need to, with the added benefit of doing away with white, gray, or black smoke often produced by a cold engine startup.

Step 1: Turn the key. Turn the ignition key to begin the diesel-engine-starting process.

The glow plugs are still used in this starting method, so you need to wait for them to warm up before the vehicle can start properly.

The air intake heater is meant to get the air entering the combustion chambers up to normal operating temperature quickly.

Step 2: Turn the key again and start the engine. The air intake heaters use the power produced by the battery when starting to heat the element installed in the air intake pipe.

As the vehicle starts and the air is drawn across the heated elements, it enters the combustion chambers warmer than without the aid of the air intake heaters.

This helps reduce or eliminate the white or gray smoke commonly produced upon startup of a diesel engine. This condition is caused when diesel fuel makes it through the combustion process unburnt and is the result of a combustion chamber that is too cool, causing lower compression.

Method 2 of 3: Using the glow plugs

The most common method for starting a diesel engine is through the use of glow plugs. Like an air intake heater, the glow plugs operate off of the power of the vehicle's battery. This pre-warming process brings the air in the combustion chamber up to a temperature conducive to cold starting.

glow plug indicator light on the dash

Step 1: Turn the key. The “Wait To Start Light” should appear on the dash.

The glow plugs can take up to 15 seconds to warm up, or longer during cold weather.

When the glow plugs reach their normal operating temperature, the “Wait To Start” light should go out.

Step 2: Start the engine. Once the “Wait To Start” light goes out, attempt to crank the engine.

Do not attempt to start the vehicle for more than 30 seconds. If the vehicle starts, let go of the key. Otherwise, turn the key to the off position.

Step 3: Heat the glow plugs again. Turn the key until the Wait To Start light comes on again.

Wait for the light to go off, indicating that the glow plugs are heated sufficiently. This can take up to 15 seconds or longer, depending on the temperature.

Step 4: Attempt to start the vehicle again. Once the “Wait To Start” light has gone out, attempt to start the vehicle again.

Turn the key to the start position, cranking the engine for no more than 30 seconds. If the vehicle fails to start, turn the key to the off position and consider other options, such as using a block heater.

Method 3 of 3: Using the block heater

If both the glow plugs and air intake heater fail to get the air in the combustion chamber warm enough to start, you should consider using a block heater. Just like the glow plugs heat the air within the combustion chamber and the air intake heater warms the air as it enters the intake manifold, a block heater heats the engine block. This facilitates diesel engine starting in cold weather conditions.

Materials Needed

  • Outlet plug

block heater plug extending out of front of truck

Step 1: Plug in the block heater. This step requires you to extend the block heater plug out the front end of the vehicle.

Some models have a port that you can thread the plug through; otherwise, place it through the front grille. Using an extension cord, plug the vehicle into an available outlet.

  • Warning: Most block heater plugs have three prongs and require an appropriate extension cord connection.

Step 2: Leave the block heater plugged in. Allow the truck to sit, plugged in for at least two hours before starting.

The block heater warms the coolant in the engine block, which helps to warm the whole engine.

Step 3: Start the engine. Once the coolant and engine have warmed enough, attempt to start the vehicle as detailed above.

This includes waiting for the “Wait To Start” light to go off, which could take up to 15 seconds or longer, depending on the temperature within the combustion chamber. After the “Wait To Start” light has gone out, attempt to crank the engine, but for no more than 30 seconds.

If the engine still fails to start, seek the help of an expert diesel mechanic, as your problems are most likely something else.

Starting a diesel engine can sometimes prove difficult, especially in cooler weather. Luckily, you have some options when it comes to getting the temperature in the combustion chamber warm enough to start the vehicle. If you encounter any problems when starting your diesel truck, or just have general questions, Ask a Mechanic to find out what you can do to make starting your diesel truck easier.


Next Step

Schedule Oil Change

The most popular service booked by readers of this article is Oil Change. YourMechanic’s technicians bring the dealership to you by performing this job at your home or office 7-days a week between 7AM-9PM. We currently cover over 2,000 cities and have 100k+ 5-star reviews... LEARN MORE

SEE PRICING & SCHEDULING

The statements expressed above are only for informational purposes and should be independently verified. Please see our terms of service for more details

Recent Oil Change reviews

Excellent Rating


YourMechanic Oil Change Service

Average Rating

4.9/5

Number of Reviews

20,442

Rating Summary
19,168
828
169
84
193
19,168
828
169
84
193

Jimmi

26 years of experience
90 reviews
Jimmi
26 years of experience
Chevrolet Venture - Oil Change - Orlando, Florida
Mr. Jimmi Phillips is a true professional. Finally, found a mechanic who is not only knowledgeable but who understands that his profession is not work but an avocation. Jimmi provides expert service that allows one to feel most confident in the work being provided. Quality, value, integrity, and service best describes Mr. Phillips.
Honda Accord - Oil Change - Orlando, Florida
Showed up a little ahead of time. Fixed my idling problem and gave advice if there were future problems with it. I'm happy.

Johnathon

8 years of experience
89 reviews
Johnathon
8 years of experience
Lexus ES350 - Oil Change - Fresno, California
We love Jonathan. He is knowledgeable, professional, trustworthy, and did a terrific job. Thank you.

Joe

14 years of experience
408 reviews
Joe
14 years of experience
Nissan Altima - Oil Change - Antioch, Tennessee
I have booked Joe several times at this point and I feel he is very knowledgeable and patient when explaining needed repairs to me. He communicates well and has a pleasant manner and disposition. I have never felt that he would suggest a service that was not needed, which has not always been the case when I used to take my car to a dealership for service.

Michael

21 years of experience
49 reviews
Michael
21 years of experience
Audi A4 - Oil Change - Las Vegas, Nevada
Michael arrived a little early and was very professional. He finished the service quickly but was unable to reset the "service due" indicator on the dash.

Need Help With Your Car?

Our certified mobile mechanics make house calls in over 2,000 U.S. cities. Fast, free online quotes for your car repair.

GET A QUOTE

Related articles

How a Car Ignition System Works
The The complicated process of a vehicle's ignition system requires precise timing on the part of the various systems involved. Starting a vehicle involves much more than just turning a key in the ignition switch; it requires each system to...
Are There Different Kinds of Spark Plugs?
Your Your engine needs at least one spark plug per cylinder to ignite the fuel and air mixture and make the engine run. But not all spark plugs are the same. There are several different types on the market, and...
How Long Does an Ignition Ignitor Last?
The The ignition system of a car is responsible for kicking off the combustion process. Without the ignition coil on your car giving off the necessary spark, the air and fuel mixture in your engine will not be able to...

Related questions

Clicking sound trying to start car

Hello. The most common part of this problem is the starter not working properly. What happens is the starter solenoid is not engaging the starter when the key is turned, which would cause a clicking noise. The worst case scenario...

Car engine turning over, but not starting.

There are many reasons why a car will crank but not start. Your engine will not start unless it has fuel, air, spark, and compression. If any one of the four components are missing you will have a crank, no...

Starter issues.

There are many problems that will prevent a vehicle from starting intermittently. If the engine doesn't crank at all, you have a problem with the starting/charging system or the engine is seized. If the engine cranks normally but doesn't start,...

How can we help?

Our service team is available 7 days a week, Monday - Friday from 6 AM to 5 PM PST, Saturday - Sunday 7 AM - 4 PM PST.

1 (855) 347-2779 · hi@yourmechanic.com