Skip the auto shop - Our mechanics make house calls

P0439 OBD-II Trouble Code: Catalyst Heater Control Circuit

check engine light

P0439 code definition

The P0439 code means that the catalyst heater control circuit has sent the PCM a voltage reading that is below the acceptable range for efficient engine operation.

What the P0439 code means

The PCM uses data from various sensors in the engine banks to detect how efficiently the catalyst converters are operating. There are two oxygen sensors, the upstream and the downstream, that are compared to each other by the PCM. If these readings are too similar, or are not within the acceptable range determined by the manufacturer, the PCM will assume that there is a malfunction within the catalyst heater control circuit, and store the P0439 code.

What causes the P0439 code?

Most of the time, this code appears when a catalytic converter is faulty. However, bad oxygen sensors are equally likely. If an oxygen sensor code is also stored in the PCM, it is more likely that the oxygen sensors are to blame.

A faulty converter usually means that there is an underlying cause, such as:

  • Using the wrong fuel type
  • A faulty coolant temperature sensor
  • A faulty mass air flow sensor
  • A faulty manifold air pressure sensor
  • A faulty fuel pressure regulator or other fuel injection component
  • Contaminated oil

Other causes may include:

  • Faulty catalyst temperature sensor
  • Poor electrical connection in the catalyst temperature sensor
  • Open or short catalyst temperature sensor harness

What are the symptoms of the P0439 code?

The most common symptoms of the P0439 code include the illuminated Check Engine lamp, and possibly a stalled engine. In most cases, if drivability issues like hissing noises, stalling, hesitation, or overall lack of performance occur, it means that a component in the converter has broken or melted.

How does a mechanic diagnose the P0439 code?

In order to diagnose the problem causing the P0439 code, the mechanic should verify the code with an OBD-II scanner, and then perform a visual inspection of all electrical components. If any electrical wires or connectors are damaged, loose, or corroded, they must be replaced. In order to determine if this repair fixed the issue, the P0439 code should be cleared from the PCM, and the system should be retested.

If the code reappears, the electrical wiring was not to blame, and the mechanic should move on to the two most common malfunctions that cause this issue: the oxygen sensors and the catalytic converter. After each repair is attempted, the mechanic should clear the code and perform a retest to ensure that the issue was fully diagnosed and repaired.

Common mistakes when diagnosing the P0439 code

The most common misdiagnosis with the P0439 code is under-diagnosing the catalytic converter failure. When the catalytic converter is to blame, the underlying issue will cause the new converter to fail if not addressed. Additionally, it is important to check the oxygen sensors before replacing any parts, but it is common to see replaced oxygen sensors in order to avoid the high cost of replacing the catalytic converter, which is more likely to be behind this code.

How serious is the P0439 code?

Because this code relates directly to the efficiency of the engine, it should be addressed as soon as possible. If the P0439 code is detected, and the issue is not repaired, it could lead to more extensive repairs in the future.

What repairs can fix the P0439 code?

In order to address a P0439 code detection, a technician may attempt any of the following repairs:

Need help with a P0439 code?

YourMechanic offers certified mobile mechanics who will come to your home or office to diagnose and repair your vehicle. Get a quote and book an appointment online or speak to a service advisor at 1-800-701-6230.

The statements expressed above are only for informational purposes and should be independently verified. Please see our terms of service for more details
Icon-warranty_badge-02

Skip the repair shop, our top-rated mechanics come to you.

At your home or office

Choose from 600+ repair, maintenance & diagnostic services. Our top-rated mechanics bring all parts & tools to your location.

Fair & transparent pricing

See labor & parts costs upfront, so you can book with confidence.

12-month, 12,000-mile warranty

Our services are backed by a 12-month, 12,000-mile warranty for your peace of mind.

Get A Quote

Need Help With Your Car?

Our certified mobile mechanics make house calls in over 2,000 U.S. cities. Fast, free online quotes for your car repair.

GET A QUOTE

More related articles

How to Buy Fuel Treatments
Adding a fuel additive to your gas tank when you fill up is one way to clean vital engine parts of deposits, improve the performance of your engine,...
Veteran and Military Driver Laws and Benefits in Idaho
The state of Idaho offers a number of benefits and perks for those Americans who have either served in an Armed Forces branch in the...
P2422 OBD-II Trouble Code: Evaporative Emissions Control System (EVAP) Vent Valve Stuck Closed
Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC): P2422 P2422 code definition Evaporative Emissions Control System (EVAP)...


Related questions

Q: Rough idle and intermittent engine light on

Hello there, many faults can cause a rough idle and the Check Engine Light to be on with your 2007 Mazda 3. The first course of action would be to check what code is stored in the ECU. This code...

Q: No MIL light

The check engine light (CEL) has to be working to pass inspection in most states. When you turn on the key before starting the car, it should be illuminated, as should most of the other warning lights on the dashboard....

Q: Trouble running when the engine warms up, dash lights on - 2007 Subaru B9 Tribeca

The P0137/P0157 codes indicate the "rear" (behind the catalytic converters) oxygen sensors are not functioning properly. In turn, they are signaling (incorrectly) for more fuel, which is causing the P0172/P0175 over-rich codes. This is clogging your converters, as well as...