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P0200 OBD-II Trouble Code: Injector Circuit Malfunction

Check Engine Light

P0200 code definition

P0200 is a generic OBD-II diagnostic trouble code in reference with the injector circuit

  • Note: This code is similar to P0201, P0202, P0203, P0204, P0205, P0206, P0207, and P0208. And may be seen in conjunction to engine misfire codes, or engine lean and rich condition codes.

What the P0200 code means

P0200 means that the engine control module (ECM) has detected a malfunction in the fuel injector circuit. The fuel injector circuit controls the fuel injectors and commands how much fuel and when to spray the fuel.

This code is set when the ECM detects out-of-range sensor performance for either the voltage or resistance of the injector circuit. The ECM triggers a failsafe mode which prevents further damage, and this will remain until the error is fixed or normal readings are detected.

What causes the P0200 code?

  • Failed or failing injector
  • Open or shorted injector
  • Injector wiring harness has an open or short
  • Poor electrical connection
  • Faulty ECM

What are the symptoms of the P0200 code?

Symptoms may vary in their severity. In some cases, the Check Engine Light may be the only noticeable symptom. In other cars, the vehicle may run exceptionally poorly or not at all and misfire.

The vehicle may experience a lean or rich engine condition caused by the fuel injector circuit that may decrease fuel mileage greatly.

How does a mechanic diagnose the P0200 code?

  • Checks for any codes present, and takes note of the freeze frame data associated with each code

  • Clears codes

  • Performs a road test of the vehicle under similar conditions to the freeze the frame data

  • Visually inspects the wiring harness and fuel injectors for damage, broken components, and/or loose connections

  • Uses the scan tool to observe fuel injector operation and looks for any irregularities

  • Checks for voltage at each fuel injector

  • Installs a noid light to test fuel injector operation as needed

  • Performs a manufacture specific ECM test

Common mistakes when diagnosing the P0200 code

Mistakes can be made when steps are not followed on a step-by-step basis or steps are skipped entirely. Though a fuel injector is the most common cause, all steps should be followed when repairs are performed to avoid not fixing the issue and wasting time and money.

How serious is the P0200 code?

P0200 can be a serious code. With the possibility for poor drivability and the engine shutting off and not restarting, this fault should be taken seriously and diagnosed by a quality mechanic as soon as possible. In cases where the vehicle has died and will not restart, the car should not be driven any further.

What repairs can fix the P0200 code?

Additional comments for consideration regarding the P0200 code

Several specialty tools are needed to diagnose P0200 properly. An advanced scan tool is needed to check for proper operation of the fuel injectors that is monitored through the ECM.

These scan tools give the technicians data about the voltage present, injector resistance, and any changes over time. The other critical tool is a noid light. These are installed into the fuel injector wiring and are a visible way to check for injector operation. They light up when the injector is working properly.

Care should be taken with P0200, as severe drivability concerns and potential for unsafe vehicle operation can be present with the vehicle.

Need help with a P0200 code?

YourMechanic offers certified mobile mechanics who will come to your home or office to diagnose and repair your vehicle. Get a quote and book an appointment online or speak to a service advisor at 1-800-701-6230.

The statements expressed above are only for informational purposes and should be independently verified. Please see our terms of service for more details
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