Skip the auto shop - Our mechanics make house calls

How to Tighten a Drive Belt

multiple drive belts shown

If you have just replaced your drive belt and you are noticing high-pitched squeaking or squealing under the hood, or if you’ve noticed that your drive belt doesn’t seem to be fitting well against the pulleys, your drive belt may be loose. This article will cover how to tighten your drive belt to stop that annoying squeaking or squealing noise.

  • Note: The cars with belts that need manual tightening generally have multiple belts such as a AC belt and an alternator belt. Cars with a single serpentine belt that uses an automatic belt tensioner cannot have the drive belt tightened manually.

Part 1 of 3: Checking the belt

Materials

  • Eye protection
  • Gloves
  • Large screwdriver or pry bar
  • Ratchet and sockets
  • Ruler
  • Wrench Set

Step 1: Don your protective gear and locate the drive belt Put on your safety glasses and gloves.

Locate the drive belt - the vehicle may have more than one. Make sure you are working on the belt that needs to be tightened.

drive belt being pulled down to show distance stretched

Step 2: Measure the belt deflection. Place the ruler along the longest stretch of belt on the vehicle, and push down on the belt.

While pushing down, measure how far down the belt goes. For most vehicles, the belt should not be able to be pressed down more than ½ inch. If it can be pressed lower, then the belt is too loose.

  • Note: Manufacturers have their own specifications for how much deflection can be found in the belt. Make sure to check the owner's manual for your specific vehicle.

Also make sure the drive belt is in good condition before moving forward with tightening. Look for any cracks, wear, or oil on the belt. If damage is found, you will need to replace the drive belt.

  • Tip: An alternate method of seeing whether the drive belt needs tightening is to rotate the belt. It should not be able to turn more than 90 degrees; if it can turn more, you know the belt should be tightened.

Part 2 of 3: Tightening the belt

drive belt labeled out

Step 1: Locate the drive belt tensioner. The drive belt assembly will have a specific component that tightens that belt.

The tensioner may be found on the alternator or a pulley; it varies by vehicle and which belt is being tightened.

This article will use an alternator belt tensioner as an example.

The alternator will have one bolt that secures it in a fixed location and allows it to pivot. The other end of the alternator will be attached to a slotted slider which allows the alternator to change position to tighten or loosen the belt.

loosened bolts pointed out in previous image

Step 2: Loosening the alternator bolts. Loosen the pivot bolt as well as the bolt that goes through the adjustment strap. This should relax the alternator and allow some movement

pry bar pulling upward on the alternator

Step 3: Add tension to the drive belt. Insert the pry bar above the alternator pulley. Apply gentle pressure upwards so that it adds tension to the drive belt.

Once the drive belt is moved into its desired tension, tighten the adjustment bolt to lock the belt in place. Then, torque the adjustment bolt to the manufacturer’s specifications.

Once the adjustment bolt is tight, check the belt tension again. If the tension remains steady, continue to the next steps. If the tension has decreased, loosen the adjustment bolt and repeat Step 3.

Step 4:Tighten the pivot bolt in the other side of the alternator. Torque the bolt to manufacturer’s specifications.

Part 3 of 3: Final checks

person double checking the drive belt

Step 1: Check the belt tightness. With all the bolts secure, check the belt deflection at the longest point again.

It should be less than ½ inch if pushed downwards.

Step 2: Start the engine and listen for any abnormal sounds. Make sure no noise is heard from the drive belt.

  • Note: The belt may have to be adjusted several times to achieve the proper level of tightness.

If you have difficulty with any of these steps, our certified mobile mechanics at YourMechanic will be happy to come out to your home or office to adjust your drive belt tension or perform any other drive belt service that you may need.

The statements expressed above are only for informational purposes and should be independently verified. Please see our terms of service for more details
Icon-warranty_badge-02

Skip the repair shop, our top-rated mechanics come to you.

At your home or office

Choose from 600+ repair, maintenance & diagnostic services. Our top-rated mechanics bring all parts & tools to your location.

Fair & transparent pricing

See labor & parts costs upfront, so you can book with confidence.

12-month, 12,000-mile warranty

Our services are backed by a 12-month, 12,000-mile warranty for your peace of mind.

Get A Quote

Need Help With Your Car?

Our certified mobile mechanics make house calls in over 2,000 U.S. cities. Fast, free online quotes for your car repair.

GET A QUOTE

Post a question and get free advice from our certified mechanics.

ASK A QUESTION

More related articles

Veteran and Military Driver Laws and Benefits in New Mexico
The state of New Mexico offers a number of benefits and perks for those Americans who have either served in an Armed Forces branch...
Auto Safety Tips
Driving is more than a way to get from point A to point B. Owning and driving a car can also be a highly enjoyable experience. Whether a person is driving...
P2428 OBD-II Trouble Code: Exhaust Gas Temperature Too High Bank 1
P2428 code definition A P2428 trouble code signifies that the PCM has detected a problem in the exhaust gas temperature sensor circuit in bank 1, which subsequently contains the number one...


Related questions

Q: Car clicking and not starting

Your symptoms are very similar to those found in the situation of a failing alternator. The alternator is driven by the engine using the belt drive system. This component is responsible for keeping the battery charged during vehicle operation; failure...

Q: Is it normal for the crankshaft pulley to be stuck if the car is off. The serpentine belt is removed.

The only pulleys you should be able to turn by hand when the serpentine belt is not in place are: the water pump, alternator, and power steering pump pulleys. The air conditioning compressor has a clutch on it that should...

Q: 1999 Pontiac Grand AM runs rough and smells weird

Hello. An engine running rough at idle could be a vacuum leak creating the wrong fuel ratio for the engine to operate correctly. The smell is probably unburned fuel caused by the vacuum leak issue. The belt shredding could be...