The clutch slave cylinder is a component found on vehicles equipped with manual transmissions. It works together with the clutch master cylinder to disengage the clutch when the pedal is pressed so that the transmission can be safely shifted. The clutch slave cylinder receives pressure from the master cylinder and extends a rod, which will push against a fork or lever to disengage the clutch. When the clutch master cylinder has any problems, it can cause issues with shifting the gears, which will take away from the overall drivability of the vehicle and can even cause damage to the transmission. Usually a clutch slave cylinder will produce a few symptoms that can alert the driver that a problem has occurred and needs to be serviced.
1. Abnormal clutch pedal feel
One of the first clues of a potential problem with the clutch master cylinder is abnormal clutch pedal feel. If the clutch slave cylinder develops any sort of leak internally or externally it may cause the pedal to feel spongy or mushy. The pedal may also sink all the way to the floor and stay there when depressed, and may not be able to properly disengage the clutch so the transmission can be safely shifted.
2. Low or contaminated brake fluid
Low or contaminated fluid in the reservoir is another symptom commonly associated with a problem with the clutch slave cylinder. Low fluid can be caused by leaks in the system, and perhaps at the slave or master cylinders. The rubber seals inside the slave cylinder can also break down over time and contaminate the brake fluid. Contaminated fluid will appear cloudy or dark.
3. Leaks on the floor or engine bay
Visible signs of leakage is another symptom of a problem with the clutch slave cylinder. If the clutch slave cylinder develops any leaks, the fluid will drip down and leave traces on the floor or in the engine bay. Depending on the severity of the leak, a leaking slave cylinder will usually also have a noticeable, adverse effects on the pedal feel as well.
The clutch slave cylinder is a very important component vital to vehicles equipped with manual transmissions, and any problems with it can lead to issues with the overall drivability of the vehicle. The symptoms commonly associated with a bad clutch slave cylinder, are also similar to the symptoms associated with a bad clutch master cylinder, so it is recommended to have the vehicle properly diagnosed by a professional technician, such as one from YourMechanic, to determine if you need a clutch slave cylinder replacement.