P2420 code definition
Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Switching Valve Control Circuit High
What the P2420 code means
The P2420 trouble code indicates that the Engine Control Module (ECM) has detected a malfunction within the switching control circuit of the EVAP control system of the engine. The EVAP system consists of multiple parts related to the intake, fuel, and exhaust of the engine. Many systems have a purge valve that opens and closes at certain times to vent fuel vapors from the fuel tank into the intake manifold.
What are the causes of the P2420 code?
- A defective switching valve/purge valve
- Cracked or broken fuel and vacuum lines
- A clog in the EVAP system
- A faulty Engine Control Module
- A loose gas cap
What are the symptoms of the P2420 code?
Usually no symptoms other than an illuminated Check Engine Light are associated with the P2420 trouble code.
How does a mechanic diagnose the P2420 code?
A mechanic may begin diagnosing the P2420 trouble code by first checking to make sure the gas cap is tightened securely.
The mechanic would then pull up a diagram for the EVAP system of the vehicle in question.
After that, the mechanic would locate all the parts of the EVAP system and begin inspecting them for visual damages.
These parts may include:
- fuel lines
- vacuum lines
- the charcoal canister
- the purge valve
- any sensors involved in the EVAP system
Visual damages would include:
- compromised wiring
If any of these issues are found, they would be relayed to the customer to make a repair decision.
Common mistakes when diagnosing the P2420 code
A common mistake that could be made when diagnosing the P2420 trouble code would be to replace the purge valve without being open minded to any other potential causes of the problem. It is important to be optimistic when it comes to diagnosing an automobile issue. The most likely cause is not always the answer.
How serious is the P2420 code?
Considering the fact that this code does not really have any symptoms associated with it, I would rank it low on the seriousness scale. Check Engine Lights bother most drivers so it is still a good idea to have the issue resolved as soon as possible, but this issue is by no means a life or death type situation.
What repairs can fix the P2420 code?
- Replacing the purge valve
- Repairing or replacing wiring or connectors that are associated with the evap system
- Replacing any EVAP system related sensors
- Replacing the Engine Control Module
- Tightening or replacing the gas cap
- Repairing a fuel or vacuum leak
Additional comments regarding the P2420 code?
This code would be considered more serious if during the diagnosis the issue turns out to be fuel leak related. If this is the case, safety issues may be present as well as the risk of fire.
Need help with a P2420 code?
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