P2251 code definition
O2 Sensor Negative Current Control Circuit/Open Bank 1 Sensor 1
What the P2251 code means
P2251 is an OBD-II generic code. The engine control module (ECM) monitors the negative current control of the O2 sensor heater circuit. If the current cannot be controlled and the voltage does not change on the return wire, then the ECM detects this as an open circuit in the heater circuit for the O2 sensor heater circuit.
What causes the P2251 code?
- The O2 sensor for bank 1 sensor 1 has an open circuit in the heater circuit.
- A broken wire or connector for the O2 sensor
- An open wire on the power supply circuit from the ECM to the O2 sensor heater circuit
- An open or short on the return signal wire back to the ECM
What are the symptoms of the P2251 code?
- The Check Engine Light will be illuminated and the code is set in ECM memory as a fault.
- The ECM may lose control of the fuel control circuit for the O2 sensor for bank 1 sensor 1.
- The ECM may go into failure management mode to control the fuel to the engine.
- The engine fuel mileage will go down and the engine may have various fuel-related symptoms.
How does a mechanic diagnose the P2251 code?
Scans codes and documents the code in the ECM and looks at the freeze frame data for failure.
Measures the voltage to the O2 sensor on the heater circuit.
Measures the resistance of the O2 sensor heater circuit at the ECM and at the sensor and checks to see if it is at the correct specifications.
Checks the harness for short or broken wires.
Common mistakes when diagnosing the P2251 code?
Clearing ECM memory codes before checking the freeze frame data for the main failure problem, so the failure may be duplicated and repaired
Failing to clear the ECM codes after the codes are fixed
Replacing an O2 sensor without verifying the failure of the heater circuit. This could be an intermittently shorted wire in the harness
How serious is the P2251 code?
Code P2251 is major failure in the O2 sensor heater circuit and the O2 sensor may be rendered unable to respond to the exhaust O2 and cause the ECM to go into failure mode. This may cause the vehicle to fail emission testing and cause drive complaints depending on the manufacturer.
What repairs can fix the P2251 code?
Replacing the O2 sensor for bank 1 sensor 1
Repairing an open or short in the sensor wiring or connector
Replacing the ECM for an open in the O2 heater circuit
Additional comments for consideration regarding the P2251 code
Code P2251 is for the O2 sensor heater circuit. This heater allows the O2 sensor to respond quicker than an O2 sensor that does not have one. This circuit is on most (if not all) model cars and light trucks since about 1990 and later.
Need help with a P2251 code?
YourMechanic offers certified mobile mechanics who will come to your home or office to diagnose and repair your vehicle. Get a quote and book an appointment online or speak to a service advisor at 1-800-701-6230.