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P0378 is a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) for "Timing Reference High Resolution Signal B Intermittent/Erratic Pulses". This can happen for multiple reasons and a mechanic needs to diagnose the specific cause for this code to be triggered in your situation. Our certified mobile mechanics can come to your home or office to perform the Check Engine Light diagnostic. Once we are able to diagnose the problem, you will be provided with an upfront quote for the recommended fix and receive $20.00 off as a credit towards the repair. All our repairs are backed by our 12-month / 12,000-mile warranty.
If the PCM has stored the code P0278, it means that the system has detected an abnormal pulse reading from the high resolution timing reference signal B, which indicates that there is a fault with the system’s circuitry.
Located in the injection pump is a sensor disk that emits pulses that the PCM uses to control fuel injection timing. The PCM tests for missed pulses, and compares those to the number of pulses it should be detecting according to the manufacturer. If this value is not correct or erratic, the PCM will store the code P0278.
There are many things that could cause an erratic pulse reading between the sensor disk and the PCM. Most often, these include a defective crankshaft, camshaft, or distributor position sensors.
However, other causes may include:
The P0278 code could be preceded by no symptoms at all besides the illumination of the Check Engine light. However, it could also be preceded by engine misfiring, knocking when accelerating, and decreased fuel economy.
A mechanic should first abstract code information from the PCM with an OBD-II scanner, and check for other codes that may indicate a larger or related issue.
In order to diagnose the cause of the P0278 code, many mechanics begin by inspecting the crankshaft gear and crankshaft position sensor. This is accomplished by checking for the engine RPM signal while the engine is running. If there is no signal detected, then a visual inspection of the crankshaft and related components is necessary. The technician should repair or replace any components that are faulty. This process eliminates one of the most common issues for the P0278 code, and may help narrow the options for following repairs.
When diagnosing the P0278 code, a common mistake is forgetting to clear the code and do a road test after performing each potential solution. This step should be done after each repair, to help narrow down the cause faster. By replicating the moment of failure, a mechanic may be able to discover the problem much faster.
Another common mistake with the P0278 code is automatically replacing the crankshaft, camshaft, or distributor sensors, rather than checking for mechanical distributor failure or other issues. Additionally, it is important to replace crankshaft or camshaft sensors as a set, rather than individually.
Because the P0278 code relates directly to how the PCM controls fuel injection and timing, this is a very serious issue that should be addressed immediately. Failure to address this issue when it is detected could result in the failure of other engine components when they aren’t able to obtain fuel, or correct fuel pressure.
In order to address a P0278 code, there are a few repairs that a mechanic may choose to perform. These include:
Repairing or replacing damaged or faulty crankshaft, crankshaft gear, crankshaft position sensor, and the sensor connector
Repairing or replacing faulty camshaft components
Inspect the distributor for wobble, and repair or replace a faulty mechanical distributor
Repairing or replacing an open or shorted optical sensor
Inspecting and replacing faulty crank and cam reluctor rings
In the rare case that the PCM is faulty, the mechanic may replace the PCM.
YourMechanic offers certified mobile mechanics who will come to your home or office to diagnose and repair your vehicle. Get a quote and book an appointment online or speak to a service advisor at 1-800-701-6220.