Symptoms of a Bad or Failing Water Pump Pulley

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In order to maintain a consistent and safe operating temperature, your vehicle utilizes a coolant system that circulates coolant from the radiator, through the engine block, to a heater core and back to the radiator. Typically this system runs for years with routine service and maintenance including replacing fan belts, water pump belts and flushing the radiator fluid. However, one of the more common mechanical parts that can fail sooner than later is the water pump pulley.

The water pump on any vehicle uses a system of belts and pulleys to operate. Most modern cars, trucks, and SUVs use a serpentine belt which routes around the engine, turning pulleys, which operate various accessories including AC systems, and alternators. When the water pump pulley wears out, the pulley will refuse to turn, which results in a water pump that doesn't efficiently circulate water throughout the engine.

In order to reduce the potential of having your engine overheat or other major mechanical problems developing, having the water pump pulley replaced before it breaks completely is recommended by all mechanics and automotive manufacturers. There are a few warning signs that you can be aware of that will indicate a problem with your water pump pulley exists.

1. Physical damage to the water pump pulley

The most obvious sign that a problem exists with your water pump pulley is if it's physically damaged. There are multiple ways this metal component can be damaged, including having an incorrect sized or improperly adjusted water pump belt installed, vehicle accidents or problems with the internal bearings that allow the pulley to spin. This symptom is commonly recognized by oil service technicians when they are under your car and changing your engine oil or oil filter. If one of these technicians tells you that your water pump pulley looks damaged, don't wait for it to fix itself. Contact a local ASE certified mechanic to replace the water pump pulley before it causes significant damage to your vehicle's engine.

2. Extensive wear on the water pump or serpentine belt

Another common symptom of a damaged water pump pulley is when you or someone else looking under your vehicle's hood notices extensive wear on the belts that come in contact with the pulley. If the pulley is loose it can cause the water pump belts to shake and develop more heat. When this occurs, the belts can crack or literally shred; as most of these belts are made out of rubber and nylon cords for strength. If it's discovered that the water pump or serpentine belt is wearing out sooner than it should, it's likely a problem with the water pump pulley.

3. Grinding sound from the front of your car

Most of the time, the problem with a water pump pulley is not the pulley itself, but the bearings inside the pulley. When the bearings wear out, it will create a metal-to-metal grinding sound which is commonly due to lack of lubrication or a faulty bearing. This sound is very difficult to notice while driving, however if you can hear a grinding sound while the car is idling, pull the car over, pop the hood of your engine and listen closely to the front of your motor. If you can hear a constant grinding sound, close the hood and drive home safely. Contact a mechanic to inspect this problem and have them replace the water pump pulley as a precaution.

4. Engine overheats

If your engine temperature is running in the "red zone" on your dashboard temperature register, that is an instant sign that a problem exists with the coolant system. Whether it's low coolant, a problem with the radiator, the fan or the water pump, it's something that should be inspected by a certified mechanic as soon as possible. One common misdiagnosis that unexperienced mechanics will make is assuming that the water pump is broken, when in fact it's the water pump pulley that has ceased to function correctly.

Anytime you hear or recognize any of the above warning signs, make sure to contact an experienced ASE certified mechanic to inspect, road test, diagnose, and repair your car, before it causes additional damage. Replacing a water pump pulley can be rather inexpensive, so be proactive and contact YourMechanic as soon as you notice any of these warning signs.


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Thomas

11 years of experience
73 reviews
Thomas
11 years of experience
Ford Mustang - Car is overheating - Titusville, Florida
Thomas was great! Very knowledgeable and honest. Went above and beyond to perform his duties for his job. I will definitely get Thomas again, and trust any car I habe to him.
Ford Fiesta - Car is overheating - Orlando, Florida
Thomas was on time and friendly. He explained his findings in a way that made me feel confident in making a repair decision. I will would absolutely recommend Thomas and I will be using him in the near future.

Gustavo

15 years of experience
44 reviews
Gustavo
15 years of experience
Honda Odyssey - Car is overheating - New Braunfels, Texas
Gustavo was very professional came on time diagnosed our van told us what the problems were and was very kind and professional about definitely recommend him 
Ford Focus - Car is overheating - San Marcos, Texas
He was efficient in checking for the cause of my car overheating. Offered me the best cost friendly solution after the inspection to help me get back on the road.

Kevin

22 years of experience
257 reviews
Kevin
22 years of experience
Chevrolet Monte Carlo - Car is overheating - Atlanta, Georgia
My experience with Kevin was amazing. He had all the knowledge on what I needed and was very professional.

James

28 years of experience
582 reviews
James
28 years of experience
Chevrolet Venture - Car is overheating - Orlando, Florida
Mr. James is outstanding in every way. He is most professional as well as very knowledgeable. He has been here before and when he arrived today I was most relieved. He cares for his clients as if we were family. I cannot sing enough praises for the man1 Thanks Mr. J.

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