Symptoms of a Bad or Failing Steering Rack/Gearbox

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Cost of Replacing a Bad or Failing Steering Rack/Gearbox

Common signs include a very tight steering wheel, leaking power steering fluid, grinding noises when steering, and a burning oil smell. Our certified technicians can come to you and diagnose the problem. You will receive a $30 credit towards any follow-up repairs that result from the diagnostic. Following are example prices for Steering Rack/Gearbox Replacement. Click on the button below to get an upfront quote for your car.

Cars Estimate Parts Cost Labor Cost Savings Average Dealer Price
2014 Ferrari California $962 $808.28 $154.00 7% $1044.78
2010 Ford F-150 $501 $374.76 $126.00 11% $568.26
2005 Ford Escape $508 $297.76 $210.00 18% $620.26
2008 Infiniti M45 $708 $553.67 $154.00 10% $790.17
2008 Mercedes-Benz E320 $2702 $2547.83 $154.00 2% $2784.33
2012 Porsche Cayenne $614 $368.73 $245.00 17% $744.98
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How to Diagnose a Bad or Failing Steering Rack/Gearbox?

steering rack

The steering system utilized in many modern cars is a rack and pinion steering system. The rack and pinion is comprised of multiple components including the universal joints, main and intermediate shafts, and at the center is the steering rack or gearbox. It's this central unit that receives input from the driver, by way of the steering wheel and steering column and sends a mechanical signal to tie rods and steering shafts to complete smooth and efficient left and right turns. However, from time to time, the steering rack or gearbox will wear out. Quick and efficient service to repair this important component can mean the difference between a minor inconvenience and a major mechanical overhaul.

The steering rack is essentially the heart of the steering system. When it wears out or breaks entirely the ability to steer your vehicle is compromised. If this happens while you are driving, it can be extremely dangerous. It's for these reasons (and many more) that being alert to the warning signs of a bad or failing steering rack or gearbox can save you money, time and reduce the potential of an crash.

Here are a few symptoms or warning signs that alert you to a potential problem brewing with your steering rack.

1. Very tight steering wheel

Today's rack and pinion steering systems are supported by a power steering unit that utilizes hydraulic pressure to allow easy and quick steering wheel handling. When the steering wheel feels tight or is harder to turn than usual, it's typically due to the steering rack or gearbox building up more heat or a loss of hydraulic pressure from the power steering unit. Either way, it's a problem that won't go away and should be inspected as soon as possible by an ASE certified mechanic. Sometimes it's as simple as adding more power steering fluid or a minor adjustment that can solve this problem and extend the lifespan of your steering rack.

2. Leaking power steering fluid

As noted above, sometimes tight steering is indicated by low power steering fluid. However, since the steering box is hydraulically powered, the fluid levels won't decrease unless there is a leak somewhere in the system. Once you start to leak power steering fluid it means there is a loose fitting, broken gasket, or other mechanical issue causing the leak that must be fixed as soon as possible. Failure to do so will cause the steering rack or gearbox to develop excess heat, potentially breaking gears and other components that could lead to a crash.

Leaking steering fluid can be distinguished from other fluids by its smell (typically a burning oil smell). It's also typically red or pink in color and will be dripping from the back part of your motor. If you discover this type of fluid under your car, contact a mechanic as soon as possible to inspect the leak and repair it before the leak causes additional damage.

3. Grinding noise when steering

A bad or failing gearbox is typically caused by lack of proper lubrication and service. The excess heat causes metal-on-metal contact and thus creates a loud grinding noise when you turn left or right. You can really notice this sound if you are turning and hit a bump at the same time, like when you drive into a driveway. If you notice this grinding sound when you steer left or right, contact a mechanic so they can quickly diagnose and replace the steering gearbox if needed.

4. Burning oil smell

A less common warning sign of a damaged steering rack or gearbox is the smell of burning oil. Since power steering fluid itself smells like burnt oil, the strong aroma of burnt oil will be present when the steering gearbox is hot. If this occurs, stop your vehicle immediately, find a safe place to park your vehicle and call a mechanic as soon as possible. Continued driving when a steering gearbox is overheating may result in fire and catastrophic damage.

The steering rack or gearbox is an essential component vital to the smooth steering operation of any vehicle utilizing a rack and pinion steering system. If you notice any of the above symptoms or warning signs, contact a local ASE certified mechanic as quickly as possible so they can diagnose and repair any damage done.

steering
steering column
Handling
power steering

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Recent Steering Rack/Gearbox Replacement reviews

Excellent Rating


YourMechanic Steering Rack/Gearbox Replacement Service

Average Rating

4.4/5

Number of Reviews

171

Rating Summary
151
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151
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Jerame

10 years of experience
7 reviews
Jerame
10 years of experience
Rack and pinion job. Jerame showed up an hour early and kept me informed throughout. Would recommend to anyone
2010 CHEVROLET IMPALA - STEERING RACK/GEARBOX - KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI

Jonathan

19 years of experience
304 reviews
Jonathan
19 years of experience
Fast reliable service. Thanks again!
2009 SUBARU FORESTER - STEERING RACK/GEARBOX - DENVER, COLORADO

Richard

10 years of experience
419 reviews
Richard
10 years of experience
Richard is the best as always! He will fix all my cars for sure!
1993 JAGUAR XJ6 - STEERING RACK/GEARBOX - HENDERSON, NEVADA

Joseph

17 years of experience
285 reviews
Joseph
17 years of experience
Fantastic. Showed up on time, explained what he did and what he found, did what was necessary to fix the problem, and let me know of any other issues that he saw during his inspection. I am so glad I found these guys!
2006 DODGE GRAND CARAVAN - STEERING RACK/GEARBOX - SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH

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