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How to Replace a Windshield Washer Pump

windshield washer pump

A windshield washer pump is designed to transfer the washer fluid from the washer reservoir to the washer nozzles. The pump is electric and is usually placed at the bottom of a washer reservoir. When the pump is operated with no washer fluid, then the gears inside the pump seize up. If the motor was activated when the fluid was frozen, then the motor contacts inside it will burn. Both of these things can cause the windshield washer pump to fail, leading to an uneven fluid spray or none at all.

Materials Needed

  • Boxed end wrenches
  • Butt connectors
  • Flashlight
  • Flat head screwdriver, medium
  • Gallon of windshield washer fluid
  • Jack and jack stands
  • Needle nosed pliers
  • Nine-volt battery saver
  • Protective gloves
  • Ratchet with metric and standard sockets
  • Side cutters
  • Tire iron
  • Torque wrench
  • Wire crimpers
  • Wire strippers

Method 1 of 2: Replacing the windshield washer pump on vehicles made before 1996

Step 1: Remove the bolts. Locate the washer reservoir. Remove the bolts that secure the washer reservoir to the fender or body of the vehicle.

Step 2: Remove the connection to the washer pump. If there is a harness plug on the washer pump, then remove the plug. If there is no harness plug on the washer pump, then use side cutters and cut the wires.

Step 3: Remove the washer fluid line from the reservoir. If there is a clamp, you will need to use needle nosed pliers to remove the clamp and line.

Step 4: Pull the washer reservoir from the vehicle. Remove the washer pump from the reservoir.

Step 5: Install the new pump. Install the new washer pump into the washer reservoir.

Step 6: Install the reservoir. Install the washer reservoir onto the fender or body in the engine compartment.

Step 7: Plug in the harness to the washer pump. If you had to cut the wires, you will need to strip the wires to the harness and to the pump with a wire stripper. Insert two butt connectors with heat shrink tubing and crimp the wires to the butt connectors.

Step 8: Install the washer fluid line to the reservoir. If you removed a clamp, you will need to use needle nosed pliers to install the clamp and line.

Step 9: Refill the washer fluid. Pour the fluid into the reservoir and fill it up.

  • Note: If the washer fluid is concentrated, you will need to follow the directions on the bottle to mix the washer fluid with distilled water.

Step 10: Test the vehicle. Turn the ignition to the accessory or run position. Operate the windshield washer pump switch or lever. Watch for fluid to come out of the washer nozzle.

Also, listen for the washer pump activation to make sure that the pump is functioning. Check the bottom of the reservoir where the pump is with a flashlight to see if any washer fluid is leaking out.

Method 2 of 2: Replacing the windshield washer pump on vehicles made after 1996

Step 1: Install a nine-volt battery saver into your cigarette lighter. This will keep your computer live and keep your settings current in the vehicle. If you do not have a nine-volt battery saver, you can complete the replacement without it; this just makes it easier.

Step 2: Disconnect the battery. Open the vehicle’s hood. Take the ground cable off the battery’s negative terminal, disabling the power to the ignition system and windshield wiper system.

  • Note: It is important to protect your hands. Make sure to put on protective gloves prior to removing any battery terminals.

Removing a washer pump located in the upper engine compartment along the fender

Step 1: Remove the reservoir bolts. Locate the washer reservoir. Remove the bolts that secure the washer reservoir to the fender or body of the vehicle.

Step 2: Remove the harness plug. Remove the harness plug connected to the washer pump.

Step 3: Remove the washer fluid line from the reservoir. If there is a clamp, you will need to use needle nosed pliers to remove the clamp and line.

Step 4: Pull the washer reservoir from the vehicle. Remove the washer pump from the reservoir.

Step 5: Clean the contacts. Clean the contacts on the harness plug and the contacts on the washer pump.

Removing a washer pump located in the wheel well or lower fender under the vehicle

Step 1: Loosen the lug nuts. Use a tire iron or ratchet to loosen the lug nuts on the tire and wheel that you need to take off. Make sure you leave the nuts on the wheel studs.

Step 2: Raise the vehicle.` Using a floor jack that is recommended for the weight of the vehicle, lift the vehicle at its specified jacking points until the wheels are completely off the ground.

Step 3: Place the jack stands. The jack stands should go under the jacking point locations. Then lower the vehicle onto the jack stands. For most modern cars, the jacking points for jack stands will be on the pinch weld just under the doors along the bottom of the car.

Step 4: Remove the tire and wheel from the fender well you are working on. You may have to remove the inner fender to access the washer reservoir and pump.

Step 5: Remove the bolts. Remove the bolts that secure the washer reservoir to the fender or body of the vehicle.

Step 6: Remove the harness plug. Remove the harness plug connected to the washer pump.

Step 7: Remove the washer fluid line from the reservoir. If there is a clamp, you will need to use needle nosed pliers to remove the clamp and line.

Step 8: Pull the washer reservoir from the vehicle. Remove the washer pump from the reservoir.

Step 9: Clean the contacts. Clean the contacts on the harness plug and the contacts on the washer pump.

Installing the new windshield washer pump

Step 1: Install the new pump. Install the new washer pump into the washer reservoir.

Step 2: Install the washer reservoir. Install the washer reservoir onto the fender or body in the engine compartment. Secure the reservoir with the bolts you removed.

Step 3: Connect the harness. Plug in the harness to the washer pump.

Step 4: Install the washer fluid line to the reservoir. If you removed a clamp, you will need to use needle nosed pliers to install the clamp and line.

Step 5: Refill the washer fluid. Get a gallon jug of washer fluid. Pour the fluid into the reservoir and fill it up.

  • Note: If the washer fluid is concentrated, you will need to follow the directions on the bottle to mix the washer fluid with distilled water.

Step 6: Put the tire and wheel onto the wheel studs. Put on the lug nuts and use a tire iron to spin on the lug nuts hand tight.

Step 7: Lower the vehicle. Using a floor jack that is recommended for the weight of the vehicle, lift under the vehicle at its specified jacking points until the wheels are completely off the ground.

Remove the jack stands and keep them far away from the vehicle. Lower the vehicle to where all four wheels are on the ground. Pull out the jack and put it aside.

Step 8: Tighten the lug nuts. Torque the lug nuts to specs.

Step 9: Reconnect the battery. Reconnect the ground cable back onto the battery’s negative terminal. Remove the nine-volt battery saver from the cigarette lighter if you used one. Tighten the battery clamp to ensure that the connection is good.

  • Note: If you did not use a nine-volt battery saver, you will have to reset all of the settings in your vehicle, like your radio, electric seats, and electric mirrors.

Step 10: Test the vehicle. Turn the ignition to the accessory or run position. Operate the windshield washer pump switch or lever. Watch for fluid to come out of the washer nozzle. Also, listen for the washer pump activation to make sure that the pump is functioning. Check the bottom of the reservoir where the pump is with a flashlight to see if any washer fluid is leaking out.

If the windshield washer pump continues to malfunction after replacing the washer pump, then there may be other issues with the windshield washer pump or a possible electrical issue with the windshield washer pump circuitry. If the problem persists, get help from one of the certified mechanics at YourMechanic, who can replace the windshield washer pump and diagnose any other issues.

The statements expressed above are only for informational purposes and should be independently verified. Please see our terms of service for more details
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