Skip the auto shop - Our mechanics make house calls

How to Prevent and Handle an Overheated Engine

broken-down car with open hood, showing steam from engine bay

Sometimes, engines overheat when they are being worked too hard, and other times they overheat because there is a problem with the cooling system.

Driving up steep inclines for long periods of time or driving in particularly hot weather can also be problematic for engines. Your car's engine may suffer significant damage as a result of a failed cooling system or excessive engine strain.

To avoid engine damage and expensive repairs, it is helpful to know exactly what to do in the event of a car’s engine is overheating.

Part 1 of 2: Prevent your car’s engine from overheating

gallon of distilled water in trunk of car

Step 1: Be prepared. When going on long trips always have 1 spare gallon of coolant and 1 gallon of distilled water in your trunk.

  • Tip: Distilled water is better because it has less mineral deposits than tap; but tap will do if you're stranded and it's all you can get your hands on.

temperature gauge with indicator “hand” at the hottest level

Step 2: Keep an eye on your temperature gauge. It seems like a hard thing to do while trying to focus on the road and all the variables that come with driving but it will soon become a habit.

Unfortunately, many people are distracted while driving and fail to see that their coolant temperature gauge is rising until it’s too late.

person’s hand turning the heater to high on the dashboard

Step 3: If the gauge rises, pull over when possible. If you see the temperature gauge rising or steam coming from under the hood, pull over, shut the vehicle off, and open the hood to allow the engine to cool off faster. However, if it’s unsafe or impossible to pull over, turn off your air conditioning and turn on your heat max hot and blower fan on high. This will cool the engine by pulling heat into the passenger compartment. Then, when conditions permit, pull over and turn the vehicle off.

coolant leaking from underneath the engine

Step 4: Look for leaks. Look for signs of obvious coolant leakage from radiator hoses and the engine area.

coolant being poured into the engine

Step 5: Top off coolant. Check and top off the plastic coolant reservoir with coolant or water.

Step 6: Let the engine cool. If you must continue driving, wait 20 minutes for the engine to cool.

person’s hand changing gear into neutral

Step 7: Use the engine fan to cool your engine. You may be stuck in slow traffic when your engine starts to overheat. If your vehicle has a belt driven fan and water pump and you must continue to drive in traffic, you can shift into neutral (when it’s safe, such as in stopped traffic) and bring the RPMs to 2500 to try to increase air flow and coolant flow (if the temperature gauge does not go down you may have an electric fan and this won’t work). If you have time to wait out the traffic, do so: in a mild overheating condition being able to get up to a decent speed such as 40 or 50 MPH creates good airflow that will help cool the engine.

Step 8: Monitor the temperature. If the temperature gauge starts to creep towards hot again, pull over and repeat Steps 6 through 10.

  • Warning: Do not open the radiator cap! You can be badly burned if you do so as the coolant is under extreme pressure and very hot.

Part 2 of 2: What to do when the engine has overheated

Step 1: Adjust the A/C. In the event of an overheating engine, you should always turn off your air conditioning to lighten stress on the engine. Instead, turn on the heat in your car to draw heat away from the engine.

Put your heater blower on the highest setting and turn the temperature to the hottest setting.

Your car's interior will get hot, but this means it is taking heat away from the engine.

Step 2: Stop and rev. Come to a full stop on the side of the road and put your vehicle in park or neutral, then rev the engine slightly by putting your foot on the gas.

This will help to reduce stress on the engine, as well as increase air circulation and coolant flow through the radiator and engine. If after a couple of minutes it continues to overheat then go to the next step.

Step 3: Park on the side of the road. To ensure the safety of all involved, pull over onto the side of the road as far as possible.

Turn off your engine after completing the previous steps.

  • Warning: If you continue to drive when your engine is overheated, you run a risk of boiling your cooling system and permanently damaging your engine.

  • Tip: You will know that your cooling system is boiling if you can see steam coming out from under the hood. You should also see warning lights and gauges indicating the engine is overheating. Do not open the hood until the engine has had a chance to cool.

Step 4: Allow the engine to cool. Once you and all your passengers have exited the car, leave the car alone until the engine is no longer overheated.

  • Note: This may take more than a half hour or more.

car with open hood, showing steam from engine bay

Remember, it’s important that you allow the vehicle to fully cool before opening the hood to access the overheating problem.

  • Warning: Whatever you do, do not open the radiator cap till the radiator and engine are cool to the touch, as the radiator and coolant is extremely hot and pressurized and can cause severe burns.

Take note that if the cooling system is not leaking coolant does not mean the cooling system is working to cool the engine properly. You may have electrical cooling fans that do not come on, a defective water pump or engine thermostat causing the overheating issue.

  • Warning: If you try and drive your vehicle after it has cooled, you run the risk of overheating the engine further and causing major engine damage. Have the engine checked as soon as possible.

Prolonged overheating will warp the cylinder head and create a head gasket failure, or worse, seize the motor completely. In the case of of overheating, it is best to have your vehicle looked at by a professional. A mobile mechanic, such as one from YourMechanic, can come out to your vehicle's location to inspect a case of overheating, and recommend the best path to repair, and to avoid future overheating.

The statements expressed above are only for informational purposes and should be independently verified. Please see our terms of service for more details
Icon-warranty_badge-02

Skip the repair shop, our top-rated mechanics come to you.

At your home or office

Choose from 600+ repair, maintenance & diagnostic services. Our top-rated mechanics bring all parts & tools to your location.

Fair & transparent pricing

See labor & parts costs upfront, so you can book with confidence.

12-month, 12,000-mile warranty

Our services are backed by a 12-month, 12,000-mile warranty for your peace of mind.

Get A Quote

Need Help With Your Car?

Our certified mobile mechanics make house calls in over 2,000 U.S. cities. Fast, free online quotes for your car repair.

GET A QUOTE

More related articles

P0052 OBD-II Trouble Code: HO2S Heater Control Circuit High (Bank 2 Sensor 1)
P0052 code definition HO2S Heater Control Circuit High (Bank 2 Sensor 1) What the...
The Traveler’s Guide to Driving in Malaysia
CraigBurrows / Shutterstock.com Malaysia is a popular destination for many tourists today. The country has amazing sights and attractions that you will want to explore....
Veteran and Military Driver Laws and Benefits in New Mexico
The state of New Mexico offers a number of benefits and perks for those Americans who have either served in an Armed Forces branch...


Related questions

Q: Reservoir keeps being empty no visible leaks and oil looks good color

The reservoir is going empty due to a blown head gasket most likely. You will need to have the system pressure tested first to make sure the radiator and coolant reservoir is not leaking under pressure. I suggest having a...

Q: Reduced engine power

I'm assuming that you are getting a message that says "Reduced Engine Power" in the driver information center. This is most likely due to a problem with the throttle system. There is no cable to actuate the throttle body;...

Q: How do you know if your water pump is bad on a gm3400 v-6? It is not leaking, but continues to run hot with a new radiator/stat.

The cooling system on these cars are notoriously difficult to deal with. I have extensive experience with this model of vehicle, and I can say with confidence that getting the cooling system bled can be quite hard to do at...