How to Be a Better Driver

All different types of drivers occupy the roads in our country, both good and bad. While a good driver is often appreciated by those around them, it takes just one bad driver to ruin someone's day. If your driving skills need some improvement, there are certain steps you can take to become a better driver, including observing a safe distance while driving, letting other drivers know your intentions by using turn signals, and adjusting your mirrors to give you the best visibility while driving.

Method 1 of 3: Before you depart

Safe and courteous driving starts before you even leave the house. Whether you improve your driving by taking a behind-the-wheel road course, making sure you have optimum visibility, or avoiding drowsy driving by getting plenty of rest, you can easily become a better driver by taking some basic steps.

Step 1: Take a defensive-driving course. You can sign up for a behind-the-wheel defensive-driving course or find a self-study class online.

Drivers between the ages of 16 and 25 or over the age of 55 who take a defensive driving course, online or in person, can receive discounts on their auto insurance in some states. You can also have points removed from your driving record by taking one of these courses.

Defensive-driving courses help refresh your memory on a wide selection of safe-driving practices, including following distances and how to judge them while driving.

Most courses range from four to eight hours, with online courses running around $35 and in-person defensive-driving courses costing more, ranging between $30 to $50 per hour. To find a defensive-driving course in your area, visit your state's Department of Motor Vehicles website.

mirror visability

Step 2: Check and adjust your mirrors. Once you are in your vehicle, check your mirrors to see that they are properly adjusted.

It is especially important to adjust the mirrors the first time you drive a vehicle or after someone else has driven the car.

To adjust the mirrors in your vehicle, do the following, rest your head against the side window glass and adjust it so that you can barely see the rear of the vehicle. To set the passenger's side mirror to where you want it, lean over so that your head is over the center console. Adjust the mirror so that you can barely see the rear of the vehicle.

Adjust the rearview mirror so that you can see most of the road behind your vehicle. If done correctly, the side mirrors should overlap the rearview mirror, giving you a full field of view of the roadway.

Step 3: Get plenty of rest. Another great way to make sure you are in the best shape possible to drive is to get plenty of rest.

Driver fatigue is a leading cause of roadway accidents according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), with over 100,000 reported accidents as a result of driver's operating vehicles while sleepy each year.

Method 2 of 3: Driving in the city

Once you put on your seatbelt and adjusted your mirrors, you are ready to depart. When driving, you can expect to find yourself in the city or on the highway. City driving encompasses a lot of stop-and-go driving, requiring you to follow the direction of signs and traffic signals. During city driving, other motorists are in closer proximity and traffic is generally slower than traffic on highways.

Step 1: Constantly check your mirrors. While driving within the city, you need to constantly check your mirrors and the roadway around you.

Your vehicle's mirrors are important in letting you know when someone is beside your vehicle on multilane roads. Your mirrors also let you know when emergency vehicles are approaching with their lights flashing, signaling you to pull over to the right side of the road so they can pass safely.

car behind another car with three seconds printed underneath the arrow

Step 2: Keep a safe driving distance. When driving in traffic, make sure that you keep a minimum distance from the vehicle in front of you.

You can use the three-second rule to determine if you are too close to a vehicle in front of you or not. The best thing about the three-second rule is that it works at any speed.

The three-second rule goes like this: As the vehicle in front of you passes an object on the side of the road, such as a pole, tree, or sign, you start counting. If you count three seconds before your vehicle passes the object, you are far enough behind; anything less, and you are too close.

Step 3: Use your signals. Use your turn signals to let vehicles behind you know your intentions when changing lanes, turning, or slowing.

Keep in mind that when your vehicle breaks down, always use your vehicle's hazard lights to signal other drivers to your presence on the road.

Step 4: Do not block intersections. When you come to a stop at a traffic light, always remain behind the white line.

If you stop over the white line at a traffic light or stop sign, your vehicle might block traffic that is crossing in front of you. You should also look for signs telling you not to block a side street. This allows traffic to flow smoother, as drivers exiting out of side streets have an opportunity to enter the flow of traffic.

Step 5: Treat other drivers courteously. You should always treat the other drivers around you with respect and courtesy.

This includes letting other vehicles enter traffic when they are exiting parking lots or side roads, as long as it doesn't impede the regular flow of traffic.

Remember, remaining a little more cautious and taking the extra time needed to get to your destination, instead of rushing around, can save you the time wasted when dealing with an accident or keep you from getting a traffic ticket.

Method 3 of 3: Driving cross-country

Driving on the open highway is usually much different than driving in stop-and-go traffic on a city street. With fewer traffic lights, highways and interstates allow drivers to get to their destinations more quickly. This increase in speed means that you must remain ready to react quicker to unexpected events, such as when the drivers in front of you stop suddenly or you see an emergency vehicle on the side of the road.

Step 1: Do not exceed the speed limit. While it might be tempting to do so, resist the urge to surpass the speed limit.

Not only is speeding against the law and could result in a ticket, the speed limit is meant to protect you and the other drivers around you. Many speed limits around the country on highways and freeways set at 65, 70, or even 75 MPH. Always follow the posted speed limit in the area you are driving.

In addition, studies have proven that, as you exceed 70 MPH, your fuel mileage starts to fall off significantly. So, not only are you paying more for gas, you also run the risk of getting a speeding ticket.

multi-laned highway with cars driving in the distance

Step 2: Only use the fast lane to pass. In many states with two-laned roads, the left-hand lane is for passing only.

This allows faster vehicles to pass slower ones and keeps traffic flowing smoothly. Most states that have a regulation about using the left-lane for passing post signs along the roadway so that drivers are aware of the law.

Step 3: Maintain a safe distance. Just as on city streets, it is important to maintain a safe distance when driving on highways and freeways.

For the most part, the three-second rule applies on highways as well. Some extra considerations include allowing more distance between you and another car when driving at night or in inclement weather, such as fog and rain.

Additionally, do not cut other drivers off when merging, whether when on an on-ramp or when passing. This is especially important when passing or merging in front of an 18-wheeler truck. The truck's stopping distance is much greater than a car's and could lead to serious injury if you cut them off and then have to stop suddenly.

Step 4: Prepare for an emergency. Most highways and freeways have a wide right shoulder for emergency use only.

If possible, do not stop on the side of the road. Instead, when you have vehicle trouble, stop at a rest area or get off at an exit and pull into a parking lot or other safe area to attend to your vehicle. If you must stop on the side of the road or on the side of the highway, pull over off the road as far to the right as possible.

Step 5: Resolving an emergency. Turn on your hazard lights and use caution if you must exit the vehicle.

Stay in the vehicle, if possible, until help arrives.

  • Tip: If you do not have a cell phone, tie a brightly colored cloth to your vehicle antenna and raise the hood. This is to signal the police, other drivers, or road crew personnel that you need help.

police officer on highway

Step 6: Get over if possible when encountering emergency vehicles. If you come upon an emergency vehicle with its lights flashing on the side of the road, slow down and get over to the next lane if possible.

If you are driving in heavy traffic and can't get over, slow down and use caution, watching for emergency personnel or other motorists on the side of the road.

By practicing safe-driving techniques, you can improve your overall driving skills, making the roads safer for you and others. In addition to watching how you drive, you should also make sure all of your lights, turn signals, and hazard lights work properly when on the road. To ensure these items are in good working condition, have one of our mechanics perform a 75-point safety inspection on your vehicle.

Next Step

Schedule 75 Point Safety Inspection

The most popular service booked by readers of this article is 75 Point Safety Inspection. YourMechanic’s technicians bring the dealership to you by performing this job at your home or office 7-days a week between 7AM-9PM. We currently cover over 2,000 cities and have 100k+ 5-star reviews... LEARN MORE


The statements expressed above are only for informational purposes and should be independently verified. Please see our terms of service for more details

Recent 75 Point Safety Inspection reviews

Excellent Rating


Rating Summary


22 years of experience
1277 reviews
22 years of experience
Ford Fusion L4-2.0L Hybrid - 75 Point Safety Inspection - San Jose, California
I have ordered a 75-point inspection of the car since my dealership claimed it had an oil leak and the timing cover replacement was due (this kind of repair costs in the ballpark of a thousand dollars). I mentioned the need for a second opinion on that since the car had been bought relatively recently from that dealer (certified pre-owned) and not very actively used. Pradeep performed the safety inspection in a very timely manner and addressed my main question by honestly concluding that there was no leak but just some dust collected over time. This has saved me much time and money. Finally, I was also very glad to learn a tip on how to find a matching paint for a body scratch from him.
Ford Escape - 75 Point Safety Inspection - San Jose, California
Pradeep immediately found the suspension problem I was worried about and fixed it. We had just purchased this car and now feel a lot better about it now that he has checked it out.


27 years of experience
828 reviews
27 years of experience
Hyundai Accent L4-1.6L - 75 Point Safety Inspection - Sunnyvale, California
Honorio not only told me what is going on with the car but was so honest about everything. Looking forward to having Honorio taking car of my requests.
Acura RDX - 75 Point Safety Inspection - Palo Alto, California
Honorio went above and beyond my expectations. He was honest about which repairs needed to be done even though my service revision decreased his income. Will absolutely use again!!!! Thank you!


5 years of experience
61 reviews
5 years of experience
Nissan Versa L4-1.6L - 75 Point Safety Inspection - Lakewood, Washington
Robert is a rockstar. I can't express enough (again) the quality of his work and his ability to work around our schedules here. Honest, professional and courteous. I would recommend his services to any and everyone.


13 years of experience
55 reviews
13 years of experience
Mazda Protege5 L4-2.0L - 75 Point Safety Inspection - Vacaville, California
Professional, clear, & courteous when discussing results of inspection & recommendations going forward. If I still live in the area when I need to do future services, will definitely book again.

Need Help With Your Car?

Our certified mobile mechanics make house calls in over 2,000 U.S. cities. Fast, free online quotes for your car repair.


Related articles

How to Adjust to Driving a Car on the Left Side of the Road
Knowing how to use a right-hand drive vehicle is crucial if you travel or move overseas, as you may be required to drive on the left side of the road.
What to Do and What Not to Do When Pulled Over
Pull over to a safe area, stay in the car, and turn the engine off when a traffic officer stops you on the road. Don't be rude and don't make jokes.
5 Car Parts Potholes Can Damage
Car damage from potholes is common during the spring season. Check for tire bulges, suspension problems, and body damage if you drive over a pothole.

Related questions

How do I adjust the electronic speed control?
After your electronic speed control unit is set to a particular speed, you can adjust it. Adjusting the electronic speed control is easy. just press the RES (+) button to increase the speed, or the SET (-) button to decrease...
How do I break in the vehicle?
If your vehicle is new, it will need to be broken in as the engine and brakes get their first work. Breaking in your vehicle can greatly improve its health and lifespan. There are a few different things you should...
How do I turn off cruise control?
To turn off cruise control, simply press the On-Off button on the steering wheel. The system will also be turned off when the vehicle is shut off.

How can we help?

Our service team is available 7 days a week, Monday - Friday from 6 AM to 5 PM PST, Saturday - Sunday 7 AM - 4 PM PST.

1 (855) 347-2779 ·