How to Inspect a Used Car For Damage

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Car accidents happen hundreds of times every day, and sometimes cars are repaired under-the-table without having been reported. Some cars get squashed while others are sold for scrap, but there are also those that can get repaired and put back on the used car market. For this, it’s important know some methods to check a used vehicle to see if it has been in an accident.

The ability to assess past damage can help you determine the real value of a car to further determine whether or not those damages can have an effect on the car in the future, and also, most importantly, it can help you determine whether the car is safe or not. Here are a few simple ways you can inspect a car for past accidents and damages using nothing more than some investigative prowess and couple of your senses.

Method 1 of 1: Use a car report and thoroughly check the vehicle for anything that doesn’t seem right in the paint and the body

Step 1: You should always check the Carfax report first. When you go car shopping at a dealership, they should have an up-to-date report on hand for you to look over. If you’re buying a car privately, the seller may not have a report. Either request one, or get one yourself. This report will show you a complete documented history of the vehicle in question including claims, accident reports, maintenance, lien information, fleet, flood damage, odometer tampering, and more. This report can give you a great idea of what to look for if you go to see the vehicle.

person inspecting vehicle

Step 2: Inspect the paint all around the car. Start by looking for more obvious damages like cracks, dents, and scratches, and then work your way down.

Stand at a distance and check different parts of the car to see if the paint color matches all the way around. If it doesn’t match the car most definitely had some work done.

Get closer to the vehicle and crouch down at an angle to see if the reflection is smooth. If the reflection is uneven or blurry, it was probably repainted. In this situation, also lookout for is peeling clear coat. If there was a sloppy paint job, you might see drip.

Step 3: Take your hand and feel the paint. Is it smooth or rough? Paint from the factory is almost always smooth because it’s done by a machine, and it’s impossible for a person to replicate it.

If you see some textural differences in the paint (usually from sandpaper), you will probably be able to feel them, too. If there are rough spots from paint or body filler (or both), this requires further inspection and questioning.

paint overspray in inner door

Step 4: Check for overspray. If you see and feel rough paint, open the doors and check for overspray. There is never overspray on a new vehicle because the parts are painted before they’re assembled. If you see paint on the plastic trim or wiring, it is possible evidence of body repair.

arrows pointing at bolts under the hood

Step 5: Check under hood. Check under the hood and look at the bolts that connect the hood to the hinges, and the fenders to the body. The bolts should be completely covered in paint, and there should be no marks. If paint is missing, it’s likely that the car was repaired.

close up of bumper not meeting quite flush

Step 6: Check the body panels and see how they fit together. Are they flush with the doors and frame? Are either of the bumpers loose? If anything seems offset, there is a good chance repairs were done. The best thing to do in this scenario is to check the opposite side for differences. If both sides do not match, this is an obvious sign of repairs.

Step 7: Check the windshield, and all the other windows, as well. Are they chipped, cracked, or is there any webbing? How well do the side windows fit into the frame when they’re rolled up? Anything other than a perfect fit could be a sign that there was an accident.

person inspecting side panels of the vehicle

Step 8: Another good inspection is to check the lines of the car. The body lines must be perfectly straight, and the best way to check them is to squat down to inspect them at eye-level. Look for dents or bumps that indicate body work was done, or that dents were hammered out.

car rust under fender

Step 9: Check the car for rust. A little bit of rust on the body is sometimes not a big deal, but once the corrosion process begins, it’s very difficult to stop. Check for areas under the car and around the edges where rust might exist. If you see signs of repair from rust damage it will be obvious and very rough. In some cases, you might even see very thin metal or holes.

  • Warning: Bad rust damage compromises the integrity of the structure, and cars of this nature should always be avoided for safety purposes.

discoloration around car speaker

Step 10: Check to see if the car was flooded. Any flooded vehicle should show up on a vehicle history report, but in the case that an insurance claim wasn’t reported, make sure you know what to look out for.

Even if the car looks good and runs well, open the door and look at the mesh of the speakers, usually toward the bottom of the door. Any discolor might be from dirty water stains. Another way to confirm this is to remove a piece of the center console trim and check behind it. If there is a mark with a clear line, this indicates murky water and obvious flood damage. A car in this state should always be avoided.

In addition to inspecting the car yourself, it's important to have a mechanic look it over for proper function and operational elements that are not visible to the naked eye. Get a pre-purchase inspection, which comes with a full inspection and a list of expected repairs with how much they cost, so you can know the true price and condition of the car you're interested in purchasing.


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Raymond

36 years of experience
155 reviews
Raymond
36 years of experience
Ford Explorer - Pre-purchase Car Inspection - Las Vegas, Nevada
Very happy with the pre-inspection service. He was in contact from when he left to when he arrived at dealership to a FULL Sheet of info right after the inspection. Raymond helped make me feel at ease buying the car after having his professional opinion that everything was good. The one thing he did recommend I mentioned to the dealership and they took care of it before I even bought the car. :) Thanks so much for your expertise. I would definitely use this website again for any future services I may need.
Subaru Baja - Pre-purchase Car Inspection - Las Vegas, Nevada
Raymond was early, Very Professional, & very thorough. Answered all my questions and was very informative. Did an Excellent job !

David

12 years of experience
287 reviews
David
12 years of experience
Honda CR-V - Pre-purchase Car Inspection - Marietta, Georgia
Prompt and knowledgeable. David arrived early to do our pre-purchase car inspection and completed it in a timely fashion. He communicated his findings, recommendations by phone and text message, which was nice. I appreciated the information and details he provided.
Mercedes-Benz E400 - Pre-purchase Car Inspection - Kennesaw, Georgia
David called when he arrived and called shortly after he finished inspecting the vehicle. Unfortunately, due to the inefficiency of the sales representative at the dealership, David was not able to drive the vehicle as the final phase of the inspection.

Sean

16 years of experience
67 reviews
Sean
16 years of experience
Honda Fit - Pre-purchase Car Inspection - Falls Church, Virginia
I'm grateful for Sean's inspection of this car and the photos of the damage I couldn't see. Saved me from making a poor purchase!
Nissan Murano - Pre-purchase Car Inspection - Alexandria, Virginia
Sean was very thorough in carrying out a prepurchase inspection on a used car and patiently walked me through all his findings. He was knowledgeable, friendly, and answered all my questions. I was very happy with his service and will request him in the future.

Benji

21 years of experience
99 reviews
Benji
21 years of experience
Ford Thunderbird - Pre-purchase Car Inspection - Phoenix, Arizona
This is the second time this week that Benji has inspected a car for me before purchase. His reports are clear and thorough, saving me a lot of money from buying a lemon. He is dependable and honest. Even after the inspections, I kept contacting him with question after question. He answers them all and even sends me additional information. I totally recommend him!
Ford Thunderbird - Pre-purchase Car Inspection - Mesa, Arizona
Benji went through a flooding situation to inspect my car. His inspection was thorough and professional. I emailed him numerous times, and he answered each and every one of them. He even has a good sense of humor. Thanks to his hard work and thorough inspection, I was saved from buying a potential lemon. Thanks, Benji.

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